Bermudagrass Maintenance

Bermudagrass

Homeowner Maintenance Guide

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.5 – 1.5 inches
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1 inch per week
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Preventative Fungicide & Insecticide

Seasonal Maintenance Guides for Your Bermudagrass

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MOWING

For the first mow of the spring, remove dormant grass leaves to promote new growth by dropping your mower down a notch and giving it a “buzz-cut” with a rotary mower that has a sharpened blade. Bag up all the material to keep excess clipping from clumping or causing disease.

After your initial “buzz-cut”, begin mowing your bermuda grass at the desired height of .5–1.5 inches.

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WATERING

Don’t overwater. In the active growing season, bermuda grass needs about one inch of water a week from natural rainfall or irrigation. If you apply any granular fertilizer or control product, you will need to water it in. This is a sufficient amount of water for the week. Overwatering may promote disease outbreak. Conduct an irrigation audit to evaluate how much water is being delivered to different areas of your lawn.

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FERTILIZATION

For optimal results, feed your lawn during the spring season by applying Lawnifi Foundation, a granular fertilizer.

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WEED CONTROL

Apply a pre-emergent herbicide when soil temperatures reach 55 degrees Fahrenheit. This will prevent summer annual weeds like crabgrass and goosegrass from plaguing your lawn and garden. Apply post-emergent herbicides in May as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds like white clover, knotweed, spurge and lespedeza. Products containing multiple broadleaf active ingredients are more effective in controlling broadleaf weeds.

insect control

INSECT CONTROL

Apply a broad-spectrum insecticide to prevent spring insects from appearing or to control any current spring insects like chinch bugs, billbugs, mole crickets or white grubs. White grubs may be active at this time. If you see any white grubs, apply a systemic insecticide.

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FUNGUS CONTROL

Apply a systemic fungicide at a preventive rate to keep disease from taking hold of your lawn. You may begin to see circular patches of brown or dead grass as your bermuda grass begins to green up. Do not apply fertilizer until you’ve applied a systemic fungicide at a curative rate and your grass has recovered.

Read more in our Sod University article: Spring Maintenance Tips for Your Bermuda Grass Lawn.

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MOWING

Bermudagrass mowing heights during the summer generally range from about 0.5–1.5 inches. When mowing during the summer, never remove more than 1/3 of the leaf blade at a time. If you remove more than that, you will stress the grass and it may go brown for a short time. Taller blades provide more shade for your root system to stay cool and retain moisture during the hot summer days. If you are returning from vacation, you may have to mow multiple times to get the grass back to the desired height. Wait about three to five days between each mowing.

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WATERING

Do not overwater the grass. Bermudagrass only needs about one inch of water weekly. Water for longer periods of time, less frequently and in the early morning hours. Take rainfall into consideration.

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FERTILIZATION

For optimal results, feed your lawn monthly during the summer season by applying the Lawnifi’s Summer Fertilizer Box or apply Lawnifi Foundation once every three months.

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WEED CONTROL

It is not recommended that you apply an herbicide at this time because when temperatures exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit, the herbicide will damage the grass. Common weeds to look out for include crabgrass, goosegrass, dallisgrass, knotweed, lespedeza and spurge.

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INSECT CONTROL

Check for and control any white grubs. Apply Merit to prevent grub worms and apply GrubEx to treat grub worms. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption. Calculate that watering into your weekly watering amount. August is the best time to control grubs because they are small and feeding near the soil surface. Other insects to look out for include billbugs, mole crickets, chinch bugs and nematodes.

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FUNGUS CONTROL

Treat with a broad-spectrum fungicide like Heritage if needed. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption. Calculate that watering into your weekly watering amount.

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MOWING

During the fall, mowing will occur less often—keeping your bermudagrass slightly higher will encourage deeper root growth for winter.

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WATERING

Water less as temperatures drop—too much water will lead to disease. Water to prevent drought stress while grass is actively growing and after the beginning stages of dormancy to prevent dehydration.

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FERTILIZATION

For fall fertilization, apply less than half a pound of nitrogen per 1,000 sq. ft. to minimize spring dead spot. For optimal results, feed your lawn during the fall season by applying the Lawnifi Fall Fertilizer Box. The Fall Fertilizer Box was designed to help your grass recover from the heat of summer and prepare for winter dormancy.

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WEED CONTROL

Apply pre-emergent herbicides to control winter annual and perennial weeds like chickweed, henbit, Poa annua, crabgrass or goosegrass. Apply post-emergent herbicides only when weeds are present.

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INSECT CONTROL

Check for and control any white grubs. Treat with an insecticide if needed. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption.

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FUNGUS CONTROL

It is recommended you apply a fungicide at preventative rates as this will help the grass enter colder months in a healthier condition. If you have had a fungus before, you may need multiple applications in affected areas. If spring dead spot was a problem, apply a fungicide at high rates to the problem area(s). Consider mapping those areas because fungicide treatment can be expensive. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption.

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SPRING
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MOWING

For the first mow of the spring, remove dormant grass leaves to promote new growth by dropping your mower down a notch and giving it a “buzz-cut” with a rotary mower that has a sharpened blade. Bag up all the material to keep excess clipping from clumping or causing disease.

After your initial “buzz-cut”, begin mowing your bermuda grass at the desired height of .5–1.5 inches.

null

WATERING

Don’t overwater. In the active growing season, bermuda grass needs about one inch of water a week from natural rainfall or irrigation. If you apply any granular fertilizer or control product, you will need to water it in. This is a sufficient amount of water for the week. Overwatering may promote disease outbreak. Conduct an irrigation audit to evaluate how much water is being delivered to different areas of your lawn.

null

FERTILIZATION

For optimal results, feed your lawn during the spring season by applying Lawnifi Foundation, a granular fertilizer.

null

WEED CONTROL

Apply a pre-emergent herbicide when soil temperatures reach 55 degrees Fahrenheit. This will prevent summer annual weeds like crabgrass and goosegrass from plaguing your lawn and garden. Apply post-emergent herbicides in May as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds like white clover, knotweed, spurge and lespedeza. Products containing multiple broadleaf active ingredients are more effective in controlling broadleaf weeds.

insect control

INSECT CONTROL

Apply a broad-spectrum insecticide to prevent spring insects from appearing or to control any current spring insects like chinch bugs, billbugs, mole crickets or white grubs. White grubs may be active at this time. If you see any white grubs, apply a systemic insecticide.

null

FUNGUS CONTROL

Apply a systemic fungicide at a preventive rate to keep disease from taking hold of your lawn. You may begin to see circular patches of brown or dead grass as your bermuda grass begins to green up. Do not apply fertilizer until you’ve applied a systemic fungicide at a curative rate and your grass has recovered.

Read more in our Sod University article: Spring Maintenance Tips for Your Bermuda Grass Lawn.

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SUMMER
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MOWING

Bermudagrass mowing heights during the summer generally range from about 0.5–1.5 inches. When mowing during the summer, never remove more than 1/3 of the leaf blade at a time. If you remove more than that, you will stress the grass and it may go brown for a short time. Taller blades provide more shade for your root system to stay cool and retain moisture during the hot summer days. If you are returning from vacation, you may have to mow multiple times to get the grass back to the desired height. Wait about three to five days between each mowing.

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WATERING

Do not overwater the grass. Bermudagrass only needs about one inch of water weekly. Water for longer periods of time, less frequently and in the early morning hours. Take rainfall into consideration.

null

FERTILIZATION

For optimal results, feed your lawn monthly during the summer season by applying the Lawnifi’s Summer Fertilizer Box or apply Lawnifi Foundation once every three months.

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WEED CONTROL

It is not recommended that you apply an herbicide at this time because when temperatures exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit, the herbicide will damage the grass. Common weeds to look out for include crabgrass, goosegrass, dallisgrass, knotweed, lespedeza and spurge.

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INSECT CONTROL

Check for and control any white grubs. Apply Merit to prevent grub worms and apply GrubEx to treat grub worms. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption. Calculate that watering into your weekly watering amount. August is the best time to control grubs because they are small and feeding near the soil surface. Other insects to look out for include billbugs, mole crickets, chinch bugs and nematodes.

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FUNGUS CONTROL

Treat with a broad-spectrum fungicide like Heritage if needed. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption. Calculate that watering into your weekly watering amount.

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FALL
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MOWING

During the fall, mowing will occur less often—keeping your bermudagrass slightly higher will encourage deeper root growth for winter.

null

WATERING

Water less as temperatures drop—too much water will lead to disease. Water to prevent drought stress while grass is actively growing and after the beginning stages of dormancy to prevent dehydration.

null

FERTILIZATION

For fall fertilization, apply less than half a pound of nitrogen per 1,000 sq. ft. to minimize spring dead spot. For optimal results, feed your lawn during the fall season by applying the Lawnifi Fall Fertilizer Box. The Fall Fertilizer Box was designed to help your grass recover from the heat of summer and prepare for winter dormancy.

null

WEED CONTROL

Apply pre-emergent herbicides to control winter annual and perennial weeds like chickweed, henbit, Poa annua, crabgrass or goosegrass. Apply post-emergent herbicides only when weeds are present.

null

INSECT CONTROL

Check for and control any white grubs. Treat with an insecticide if needed. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption.

null

FUNGUS CONTROL

It is recommended you apply a fungicide at preventative rates as this will help the grass enter colder months in a healthier condition. If you have had a fungus before, you may need multiple applications in affected areas. If spring dead spot was a problem, apply a fungicide at high rates to the problem area(s). Consider mapping those areas because fungicide treatment can be expensive. If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption.

Bermudagrass Maintenance Tips

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SOIL MANAGEMENT

  • Soil test every two years.
  • Amend soil to maintain pH between 6.0 and 7.0
  • Know your soil type!

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MOWING

  • Sharpen blades every spring.
  • Keep mowed between .5 to 1.5 inches
  • Don’t cut of more than 1/3 the blade

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IRRIGATION

  • Don’t Overwater
  • Water less in cooler fall months
  • About 1 inch a week total irrigation spring & summer
  • Water deeply, frequently, and in early AM

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WEED CONTROL

  • Pre-emergents prevent weeds from germinating
  • Post-emergents kill weeds after they germinate
  • A thick, lush lawn is the best deterrent to weeds

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DISEASE CONTROL

  • Overly wet grass + shade = fungus problems
  • Apply systemic fungicide to prevent fungus outbreaks
  • Use multiple fungicide applications to treat affected areas

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INSECT CONTROL

  • Use a broad spectrum insecticide that controls chinch bugs
  • For a once-a-year treatment, July & August are good months
  • If using a granular insecticide, water in after applicatiom
  • Look for insect damage on grass blades and/ or roots

A WORD OF CAUTION FOR NEWLY SODDED LAWNS

A pre-emergent contains a chemical that prevents a weed from putting down roots. Because it is a root inhibitor, it can also negatively affect your new lawn, which is trying to establish itself by putting down roots.

If you successfully killed and removed your old lawn, including all the weeds in it, your newly sodded lawn should have relatively few weeds. It is suggested that you hand pick weeds out of your newly sodded lawn for the first season.

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