Fall Lawn Maintenance Tips

Fall Lawn Maintenance Tips

Fall Lawn Maintenance Tips

Fall Lawn Maintenance Tips

Fall is right around the corner and with it comes cooler weather and family gatherings for the holidays. One of the best things you can do to ensure a beautiful, thriving lawn in the springtime is care for it during the fall. The experts at Sod University have compiled a list of some of the most important tips to help your warm or cool season lawn transition into the cooler months ahead. Be sure to also take a look at our fall lawn maintenance blogs written for homeowners who have zoysia, St. Augustine, bermuda grass, centipede grass, bluegrass or fescue.

1. Reduce Mowing for Deeper Roots

It’s actually recommended that you mow your lawn a lot less during the fall months. This is good for warm season lawns like zoysia, bermuda grass, St. Augustine and centipede grass. Keeping your warm season lawn slightly higher will encourage deeper root growth during the fall so that the grass will survive through winter dormancy.

For cool season lawns like bluegrass and fescue, a mowing height between 2.5–3.5 inches during the fall is ideal. This mowing height will also help prevent snow mold in snow prone regions. However, if it gets too long, it’ll create a mat layer, which is ideal for disease breakouts. To learn more about mowing heights for each grass type, visit our Lawn Mowing Guide.

Fall Mowing
2. Water Less as Temperatures Drop

It’s important to water your lawn less as temperatures drop as too much water can lead to disease. Temperatures change around this time of year so as temperatures drop, soil conditions also change. Fall is one of the most optimum times of the year for disease to start appearing—especially when overwatering and shade from fall leaves combine. Disease can be caused by a number of things, but it’s usually caused by overwatering, changing temperatures and shade.

Regardless of disease outbreaks, you’ll still want to water your lawn to prevent drought stress while the grass is actively growing. Even though your warm season lawn will begin to enter stages of dormancy, light watering will prevent dehydration. Warm season grass typically requires one inch of water per week including rainfall. In comparison, cool season lawns require about 1–1.25 inches of water per week including rainfall. Watering both types of grasses in the early morning will decrease the risk of certain turfgrass disease. If you would like to learn more about irrigation for each grass type, visit our Lawn Irrigation Guide.

Fall Irrigation
3. Fertilize Your Lawn with the Right Nutrients

Fertilization differs this time of the year compared to the other active growing seasons (spring and summer). As previously stated, outdoor temperatures are starting to change—so are soil conditions. Your grass is a living thing that needs specific nutrients at this time. Warm season grass will likely enter a state of dormancy and cool season grass will still endure cold temperatures.

Sod University recommends two different fertilizer options for the fall, however, you will only need to use one of the two options for fall fertilization. The Fall Fertilizer Box, in particular, has three separate bottles of liquid fertilizer in it that help your lawn recover from the hot summer temperatures it just endured as well as prepare for the colder temperatures ahead.

In the early fall, start off with applying Boost to revitalize the green leaf blade color after the heat of summer. The summer heat can really stress your grass out and may even leave hot spots or drought damage. With Boost’s time-release formula, the rapid green-up of your lawn will last from the time of application through the remainder of the growing season.

In the mid-fall, make an application of the second bottle in the box, Maintain, for well-balanced nutrition. Maintain serves to help with color retention late into the cooler months ahead and fortifies the root system to help it survive throughout dormancy or snow. In the late fall, you should apply Recover to prepare your lawn for environmental stressors of this colder weather. You can read more about The Fall Fertilizer Box and it’s mixture of nutrients in a separate Sod University blog here.

Lawnifi Foundation is a slow-release granular fertilizer option that comes in a 25 pound bag and lasts for three months. With a 29-0-5 NPK formulation, Lawnifi Foundation is the perfect granular fertilizer for lawns and gardens. The two percent iron included in Lawnifi Foundation’s mixture helps plants carry oxygen throughout the leaves, roots and other parts of the plants to promote a green, healthy lawn. Featuring slow-release nitrogen, Foundation gradually feeds your lawn over an extended period of time without overwhelming your lawn with nitrogen during the fall. Both Lawnifi Foundation and the Fall Fertilizer Box cover 5,000 sq. ft. Learn more in Granular vs. Liquid Fertilizers or by clicking on the two products below. For more generic information about the Lawnifi brand, read Why Use Lawnifi Fertilizer?.

4. Control Weeds with a Pre- or Post-Emergent Herbicide

Your warm or cool season lawn has just made it through the summer months when herbicide applications damage grass due to hot temperatures. Now that it’s starting to cool down, you are free to apply both post-emergent and pre-emergent herbicides without risking any damage to your lawn if applied properly. You may even notice that the weeds from summertime are starting to die off. Unfortunately, there are winter weeds that will start to pop up when the months are colder too. We recommend applying a pre-emergent during the fall to prevent winter weeds.

Some hard to control weeds that may appear around this time include Poa annua, sedge, crabgrass, goosegrass, chickweed or henbit. There’s a difference between pre- and post-emergent herbicide control for weeds. A post-emergent herbicide controls any current weeds you are experiencing whereas a pre-emergent herbicide, as its name suggests, serves to prevent weeds from appearing.

Fall Pre-Emergent Promo Display Ad

Fall is actually the best time to apply a pre-emergent—especially if winter weeds have been a big problem in the past years. You can also do this in the springtime around March or April. Check out some of our recommended pre-emergent products below and be sure to read labels thoroughly before application. Read more about pre-emergent applications in the fall in How to Use a Pre-Emergent Herbicide in the Fall and learn about the various types of weeds in Identifying Common Lawn Weeds.

Pictured above from left to right: Poa annua, sedge, crabgrass, goosegrass, chickweed and henbit.

  • Coverage: 50 lbs. covers about 12,500 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Prodiamine 0.37%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires granular drop or broadcast spreader for application.
  • Best Used On/For: Established warm and cool season turfgrass before weeds appear.

  • Coverage: 5 lbs. covers between 50,000–80,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Prodiamine 65%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and application with a sprayer.
  • Best Used On/For: Established turfgrass before weeds appear.

Dimension 2EW Half Gallon

  • Coverage: 0.5 gallon covers between 87,000–228,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Dithiopyr 24%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and application with a sprayer.
  • Best Used On/For: Established turfgrass before broadleaf weeds appear.

5. Keep an Eye Out for Insect Invasions

Although there could be a variety of insects that may be invading your lawn at this time, the main ones to look out for include grub worms for both warm season and cool season lawns, as well as chinch bugs. Chinch bugs are usually the most active in the months of June–early September, but may still be present in some lawns such as St. Augustine. Other insects that may appear in the fall are sod webworms, fall armyworms and mole crickets.

If you have insect activity, treat with a broad-spectrum insecticide labeled to treat the insect you are seeing. We’ve listed a few below. Be sure to read product labels thoroughly before application. If you use a granular variety of insecticide, water the lawn immediately after application to help with absorption. Visit our Insect Identification blog for more details.

Pictured above from left to right: Grub worms, a chinch bug, a sod webworm, a fall armyworm and a mole cricket.

Spectracide Triazicide

  • Coverage: One bottle covers 2,500 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient: Gamma-Cyhalothrin 0.08%.
  • Ease of Use: Easy to use and attaches to the end of your garden hose.
  • Best Used On/For: Outdoor general insect control.

  • Coverage: 30 lbs. cover between 16,000–21,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient: Imidacloprid 0.5%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires a drop or broadcast spreader for application.
  • Best Used On/For: Broad-spectrum systemic formulation that offers preventive and curative treatment of insect control in turfgrass and landscape ornamentals.

Bifen XTS

  • Coverage: One quart covers between 106,000–458,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient: Bifenthrin 25.1%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Pre- and post-construction termite treatments, turf and ornamentals and outdoor perimeter pest control.

6. Prevent Disease Outbreaks as Temperatures Change

We recommend applying a systemic fungicide at preventative rates around the beginning of the fall season or right beforehand. This helps the grass enter colder months in a healthier condition by keeping disease outbreaks at bay.

If you’ve had a problem with disease around this time before, you may need to make multiple applications of the systemic fungicide in affected areas. If spring dead spot was a problem during the spring, apply a fungicide at high rates to the problem area(s). Spring dead spot is caused by a disease that damages grass during the winter—you just can’t see the damage because the grass is brown and dormant until the spring when everything greens up again. Applying a fungicide at a preventive rate will keep it from coming back. Consider mapping those areas because fungicide treatment can be expensive.

If you use a granular variety, water the lawn immediately after application to help soil absorption. Above all, read product label instructions thoroughly before application for detailed instructions. If you have a warm season lawn, be sure to check out our Sod University blog, Beware of Late Fall Fungus for Warm Season Lawns. For generalized disease control information, read Lawn Disease Control.

Tip: Remove any dead leaves.

As dead leaves accumulate on the ground during the fall, they create shady, darker spots on the lawn. Light cannot reach these areas and moisture becomes trapped. This quickly damages the grass underneath these spots. When warm season grass goes dormant, it can be difficult to notice any discoloration after the leaves are removed. Come springtime, you will notice the damaged areas while the rest of the grass turns green again. Depending on how many trees are nearby, consider raking once a week. Learn more here.

Spectracide Fungus Insect Control Hose End

  • Coverage: One bottle covers 2,500 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Propiconazole 1.45% and Lamda-cyhalothrin 0.08%.
  • Ease of Use: Hooks up to your garden hose for an even spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Outdoor topical/contact fungus and general insect control.

  • Coverage: 10 lbs. covers between 2,500–5,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Azoxystrobin 0.31%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires a drop or broadcast spreader for application.
  • Best Used On/For: Systemic strobilurin fungicide used to control certain turfgrass diseases.

  • Coverage: 2 lbs. covers between 21,000–53,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Trifloxystrobin 8.33%, Tradimefon 41.67%
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Preventative disease control.

Read product labels thoroughly before application.

Large Patch

Pictured above: An image of large patch.

Fall lawn maintenance differs from that of spring and summer maintenance. With the changing of the seasons also comes the changing of temperatures, weather and soil conditions. It’s important you make these changes in maintenance so that your grass is prepared for the cooler months ahead. For more specific information for each grass type, view our fall lawn maintenance tips for zoysia, St. Augustine, bermuda grass, centipede grass, bluegrass or fescue.

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