Spring Maintenance Tips for Your Bermuda Grass Lawn

Spring Maintenance Tips for Your Bermuda Grass Lawn

Spring Maintenance Tips for Your Bermuda Grass Lawn

Spring is almost here! With the arrival of spring comes warmer temperatures outside, lawn maintenance and other outdoor projects. Warm season turfgrass that was brown all winter will start to turn green while cool season grasses will also become more green as temperatures rise. Some examples of warm season grasses are zoysia, bermuda grass, St. Augustine, centipede or bahia, while a few cool season grasses can be tall fescue, bluegrass or ryegrass.

In this spring care article, Sod University lists some of the major maintenance tips for your bermuda grass. Be sure to also refer to out bermuda grass homeowner maintenance guides for generic bermuda grass, Celebration® Bermudagrass, DiscoveryTM Bermudagrass, Latitude 36® Bermudagrass and NorthBridge® Bermudagrass.

Bermuda Grass Spring Mowing

The first mow of the spring for your mature, established bermuda grass widely varies depending on the area you live in. Bermuda grass can come out of dormancy differently depending on the environment and temperatures your area encounters—and you don’t want to mow bermuda grass too early in the season. For example, if you live in South Florida, your bermuda grass may have never entered dormancy at all during the winter. Many homeowners who live in South Florida will mow their lawn every other week during the winter—oftentimes starting in September and resuming a regular, weekly mowing schedule again in mid-March.

Generally speaking, mid-March is about the time for you to begin your regimen for spring green-up and mowing.

The first mow of the spring for your mature bermuda grass will require a buzz-cut of sorts. You will want to drop your mower down a notch below the height at which you usually mow—if not the lowest setting. For most rotary mowers, this means a little more than one inch in height.

Over the summer, you won’t cut any more than a third of the leaf blade off, so the grass continues to get taller. People often fall behind the weekly mowing schedule during the summer due to vacation, rainy days, etc. as well. While you consistently leave at least a third of the leaf blade, the grass’s height gets higher and higher as summer progresses so it’s no longer at the lower, ideal height.

The first initial buzz-cut of the spring for bermuda grass gets rid of that excess growth that’s accumulated. You want to get its height back down in the spring as it comes out of dormancy. With grass coming out of dormancy, you aren’t going to hurt it too much and you want to promote fresh growth for the spring.

Be sure to bag your clippings afterwards because you’ll have a lot of leaf blade you just removed. Although it’s common to apply the leftover clippings back to your lawn for nutrition, you just removed a large amount of clippings that will result in lumps when you reapply it to your lawn. These lumps of leftover bag clippings can also cause problems like disease or thatch.

After the first initial mow of the spring has taken place, you can begin to keep your bermuda grass between .5–1.5 inches in height.

Lastly, a good tip for spring is to make sure your lawn mower blades are sharpened so that the mower blades neatly slice through the grass in place of ripping them. If the grass blades aren’t cut neatly, the mower is ripping them and opens the grass up to possibility of disease. Performing regular maintenance on your mower is good practice for the end of the mowing season or before spring takes place.

Bermuda Grass Spring Fertilizing

With most bermuda grass coming out of dormancy, the spring is one of the most important times to use fertilizer. The fertilizer needs to promote healthy roots and the return of green leaf blades.

Be careful when making your first fertilizer application of the year though—it is common for homeowners to see their grass green up and immediately pull out the fertilizer and lawn mower. We advise that you typically wait until the last frost has hit. If you fertilize your lawn and another frost hits, your bermuda grass will go right back into dormancy and you’ll have a harder time getting it to green up again. This does more harm than good.

The date of the last frost varies from location to location. In the Florida Panhandle, for example, bermuda grass may not go dormant and will reach its full green-up in early February (depending on how cold the winter was). Even then, you won’t want to apply fertilizer until after Easter once the last frost has passed. Refer to the Farmer’s Almanac to figure out the last frost date for your area in 2021.

Sod University recommends two different options for bermuda grass spring fertilization: Lawnifi Foundation, a slow-release granular option that comes in 25 lb. bags and lasts for three months, and our Lawnifi Spring Fertilizer Box, a liquid fertilizer program that includes three bottles of liquid fertilizer that can be applied monthly with a hose-end sprayer. Each option covers 5,000 sq. ft. Learn more in Granular vs. Liquid Fertilizers or by clicking the two products listed below. Our patented nano-fertilizers with Catalyst TechnologyTM give your bermuda grass lawn the jump-start it needs to emerge from dormancy, green up fast and thrive throughout the spring months. Read Why Use Lawnifi Fertilizer? for more information about Lawnifi.

Lawnifi Spring Box

Lawnifi Spring Fertilizer Box: Backordered until March 20th, 2021

Next, it is important to mention that if you have a bermuda grass lawn, you may start to notice spots of brown or straw-like grass while the rest of your lawn comes out of dormancy. This is usually a sign of disease. You do not want to apply fertilizer to a lawn with disease as the nitrogen in the fertilizer will feed the disease and promote its growth. Apply a systemic fungicide first and then wait several weeks before following with a fertilizer application.

Bermuda Grass Spring Watering

Dormant bermuda grass doesn’t need much water until the active growing season kicks in and your grass starts to green up. Once it starts to come out of dormancy, bermuda grass requires about one inch of water per week including rainfall. The same can be said for the different brands of bermuda grass like Celebration or Latitude 36. If you aren’t sure how to measure how much water your lawn is receiving, an irrigation audit may be beneficial to you.

If you’re a homeowner who lives far enough south and your bermuda grass doesn’t go dormant during the winter, you may continue to regularly water your lawn in the winter. However if you live in South Florida, for example, you may turn your irrigation off completely during the winter and during the months of June–August when it rains a lot. The atmosphere in South Florida isn’t usually evaporating much water and the grass isn’t using it much during the winter, so frequent irrigation isn’t needed.

The next few tips in this article discuss spring applications for fungicides, herbicides or insecticides. If any of these control products or fertilizers are granular, you will need to water the product in so that your lawn absorbs it. This means that you will already be watering your lawn with the appropriate amount of water during the week of application. The same can be said with any liquid products as they are either products that attach to the end of your garden hose or require tank mixing with water.

Bermuda Grass Spring Weed Control

The most important thing you can do for any weed issues your lawn may be having come springtime is to apply a pre-emergent herbicide. A pre-emergent herbicide functions to prevent weeds from emerging from the surface of the soil, as its name suggest. So if you know you get a lot of weeds in the summer like crabgrass, goosegrass or sandspur, applying a pre-emergent to keep them from even appearing may be a good idea for you. It will also save you time, money spent on more product and effort from pulling the weeds that appear in the future. It’s actually not recommended you use an herbicide in the summer or winter, so pre-emergents can be especially useful for this reason. Read more about this in The Best and Worst Times for Herbicide Applications.

Pre-emergent should be applied during the spring when ground temperatures reach about 55 degrees Fahrenheit. The exact dates for these applications differ depending on the area you live in, but generally speaking, pre-emergents should be applied between March 1st and March 15th in the spring. For more information, read our blog on spring pre-emergent applications and refer to our recommended pre-emergent herbicides below.

  • Coverage: 50 lbs. covers about 12,500 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Prodiamine 0.37%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires granular drop or broadcast spreader for application.
  • Best Used On/For: Established warm and cool season turfgrass before weeds appear.

  • Coverage: 5 lbs. covers between 50,000–80,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Prodiamine 65%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and application with a sprayer.
  • Best Used On/For: Established turfgrass before weeds appear.

Dimension 2EW Half Gallon

  • Coverage: 0.5 gallon covers between 87,000–228,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Dithiopyr 24%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and application with a sprayer.
  • Best Used On/For: Established turfgrass before broadleaf weeds appear.

Apply post-emergent herbicides in May as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds like white clover, knotweed, spurge and lespedeza. Products containing multiple broadleaf active ingredients like SpeedZone Broadleaf Herbicide for Turf are more effective in controlling broadleaf weeds.

Bermuda Grass Spring Insect Control

If your lawn has suffered from insect damage around this time in the past, it is a good idea to apply a broad-spectrum insecticide at this time to prevent them from coming back again. If the insecticide is a granular product, be sure to water it in so that it soaks into your soil. If it is a liquid product, you will either need to attach to the end of your garden hose or tank mix it. Some of the most common spring insects in bermuda grass are white grub worms, mole crickets, chinch bugs and billbugs. You can read more about these insects in our Insect Identification blog. Refer to some of our most popular and effective insect control products below.

Spectracide Triazicide

  • Coverage: One bottle covers 2,500 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Gamma Cyhalothrin 0.08%.
  • Ease of Use: Hooks up to the end of your garden hose for even spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Outdoor general insect control.

  • Coverage: 30 lbs. cover between 16,000–21,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient: Imidacloprid 0.5%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires a drop or broadcast spreader for application.
  • Best Used On/For: General outdoor insect control.

Bifen XTS

  • Coverage: One quart covers between 106,000–458,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient: Bifenthrin 25.1%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Pre- and post-construction termite treatments, turf and ornamentals and outdoor perimeter pest control.

Pictured above from left to right: White grub worms, a mole cricket, Southern chinch bugs and a hunting billbug.

Bermuda Grass Spring Fungus Control

As previously mentioned, circular brown or yellow spots may start to show up as bermuda grass comes out of dormancy. This is a sign of disease and you may need to make applications of a systemic fungicide. Even if you don’t have disease in your lawn, it’s still good practice to apply it preventively to keep disease from taking over—especially if you’ve had disease in the past around this time. Systemic fungicide applications should take place before you apply any spring fertilizer. If you have fungus in your lawn, the nitrogen found in fertilizers oftentimes feeds it and helps it spread. Apply a systemic fungicide and wait a few weeks before applying any fertilizer.

Spectracide Fungus Insect Control Hose End

  • Coverage: One bottle covers 2,500 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Propiconazole 1.45% and Lamda-cyhalothrin 0.08%.
  • Ease of Use: Hooks up to your garden hose for even spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Outdoor topical/contact fungus and general insect control.

  • Coverage: 10 lbs. covers between 2,500–5,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Azoxystrobin 0.31%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires a drop or broadcast spreader for application.
  • Best Used On/For: Systemic strobilurin fungicide used to control certain turfgrass diseases.

  • Coverage: 2 lbs. covers between 21,000–53,000 sq. ft.
  • Active Ingredient(s): Trifloxystrobin 8.33%, Tradimefon 41.67%.
  • Ease of Use: Requires tank mixing and spray application.
  • Best Used On/For: Preventative disease control.

Pictured above: Spring dead spot.

Lastly, if you notice thatch that is thicker than 1⁄2 inch, dethatch in late May. For compact soils, consider aerating in late spring instead. Read more in Aerating vs. Dethatching.

Spring maintenance tips differ from other practices that take place during the rest of the year. Weather starts to warm up and everything will turn green again. Be sure to check out our individual Homeowner Maintenance Guides for generic bermuda grass, Celebration® Bermudagrass, DiscoveryTM Bermudagrass, Latitude 36® Bermudagrass and NorthBridge® Bermudagrass.

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